Plant dyed wool fabric. From the top: chokecherry,chokecherry,goldenrod,black berry,black berry, hawberry,hawberry with copper mordant (the dark one), chokecherry, chokecherry, apple bark,apple leaves,apple bark
April harvested goldenrod when she was here on Manitoulin in August and followed a recipe in Jackie Crook's book, Natural Dyeing. The recipe involves heat.
Simmer the fresh goldenrod flowers in water for one hour. Before straining, leave the dye mixture to steep for one hour.
Then - bring the fabrics back to a simmer in the dye bath, and leave to cool and steep for a week.
Rinse in warm water.
Use pre-mordanted fabric. (we used alum, sumac, copper water) The results were GOLDEN! The most perfect yellows and golds rewarded me after all the chokecherry browns. silk rayon velvet and wool took the colour the best, but these pictures do not capture the richness of colour. (The goldenrod is near the top.) We also froze some of flowers, then released the colour into warm water. That method also worked well. The bowl on the left has frozen flowers that released their colour and remained with the fabric for a week. The bowl on the right is some of the simmered dye bath.