Iconology: the study of visual images
Icon: an image that possess a specific literary meaning.
The Frame: a term used by the Fench Philosopher, Jaques Derrida. What is external?
What is internal? How far are we able to interpret anything?
Discourse: a term used by the French philosopher, Michel Foucault. There are so many competing statements concerning the truth that there is no absolute truth.
Structuralism: the ingredients in the picture are treated as signs for something outside the picture. They present a narrative structure.
The signifier: the image in the canvas.
The signified: the meaning it carries. The mood we might feel when we look at a painting relates to something we know that is not inside the painting, but comes instead from our own life.
History of Art: a students handbook by Marcia Pointon (simplified by moi)